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A Special Issue on 5th Annual Meeting of GSZ.
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Vol.VIIIssue: 2: (JSRM code: 007020700015)

(International Year of Chemistry - Commemorative Lecture)

Nanotechnology, Cell Culture and Tissue Engineering
Haraguchi K1
(PASRM** 2011-001)

1Kawamura Institute of Chemical Research, Japan

Abstract

We have fabricated new types of polymer hydrogels and polymer nanocomposites, i.e., nanocomposite gels (NC gels) and soft, polymer nanocomposites (M-NCs: solid), with novel organic/inorganic network structures. Both NC gels and M-NCs were synthesized by in-situ free-radical polymerization in the presence of exfoliated clay platelets in aqueous systems and were obtained in various forms such as film, sheet, tube, coating, etc. and sizes with a wide range of clay contents. Here, disk-like inorganic clay nanoparticles act as multi-functional crosslinkers to form new types of network systems. Both NC gels and M-NCs have extraordinary optical and mechanical properties including ultra-high reversible extensibility, as well as a number of new characteristics relating to optical anisotropy, polymer/clay morphology, biocompatibility, stimuli-sensitive surfaces, micro-patterning, etc. For examples, the biological testing of medical devices, comprised of a sensitization test, an irritation test, an intracutaneous test and an in vitro cytotoxicity test,was carried out for NC gels and M-NCs. The safety of NC gels and M-NCs was confirmed in all tests. Also, the interaction of living tissue with NC gel was investigated in vivo by implantation in live goats; neither inflammation nor concrescence occurred around the NC gels. Furthermore, it was found that both N-NC gels consisting of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)(PNIPA)/clay network and M-NCs consisting of poly(2-methoxyethyacrylate)(PMEA)/clay network show characteristic cell culture and subsequent cell detachment on their surfaces, although it was almost impossible to culture cells on conventional, chemically-crosslinked PNIPA hydrogels and chemically crossslinked PMEA, regardless of their crosslinker concentration. Various kinds of cells, such ashumanhepatoma cells (HepG2), normal human dermal fibroblast (NHDF), and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), could be cultured to be confluent on the surfaces of N-NC gel or dried N-NC gels and M-NC film, regardless of their thickness. Also, it was found that cells cultured on the surfaces of N-NC gels and M-NCs could be detached in the forms of sheets of cells or single cells without trypsin treatment, but by just decreasing the temperature to 200C. Thus, the serious disadvantages (intractability, mechanical fragility, optical turbidity, poor processing ability, low stimulus sensitivity, etc.) associated with the conventional, chemically-crosslinked polymeric materials were overcome in NC gels and M-NCs. Also, NC gels and M-NCs can be used as new types of substrata with ability of cell culture and subsequent thermoresponsive cell detachment.

** Proceedings of Annual Symposium on Regenerative Medicine

Corresponding Author: Dr. Kazutoshi Haraguchi,
General Manager and Director,
Kawamura Institute of Chemical Research,
Sakura 285-0078,
Chiba,
JAPAN

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